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ChemIDplus A TOXNET DATABASE

Substance Name: Mercury
RN: 7439-97-6
InChIKey: QSHDDOUJBYECFT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.

Molecular Formula

  • Hg

Molecular Weight

  • 200.59
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Agricultural Chemical
  • Drug / Therapeutic Agent
  • Human Data
  • Insecticide
  • Mutation data
  • Reproductive Effect
  • TSCA Flag S [Substance is identified in a proposed or final SNUR (Significant New Use Rule) under TSCA]
  • Tumor data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • 2007 CERCLA Priority List, Rank: 3
  • 2011 CERCLA Priority List, Rank: 3
  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3
  • Reportable Quantity (RQ) = 1 lb
  • TLV (0.025 mg/m3); Skin; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen; BEI
  • TWA 25 mg/m3 (100 ppm);

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Mercury

MeSH Heading

  • Mercury

Synonyms

  • Caswell No. 546
  • CCRIS 1578
  • Colloidal mercury
  • EINECS 231-106-7
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 052301
  • HSDB 1208
  • Hydrargyrum
  • KWIK
  • KWIK [Dutch]
  • Liquid silver
  • Mercure
  • Mercure [French]
  • Mercurio
  • Mercurio [Italian]
  • Mercurius vivus
  • Mercury
  • Mercury vapor
  • Mercury, metallic
  • Metallic mercury
  • NCI-C60399
  • Quecksilber
  • Quecksilber [German]
  • Quick silver
  • Quicksilver
  • RCRA waste number U151
  • RTEC
  • RTEC [Polish]
  • UN 2024 (liquid compounds)
  • UNII-FXS1BY2PGL

Systematic Name

  • Mercury

Superlist Names

  • Mercury
  • Mercury metal
  • Mercury metal [Mercury and mercury compounds]
  • Mercury vapor (as Hg)
  • Mercury [UN2809] [Corrosive]
  • Mercury, elemental
  • Mercury, elemental and inorganic forms
  • Mercury, vapor
  • RCRA waste no. U151
  • UN2809

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 7439-97-6

Other Registry Numbers

  • 123720-03-6
  • 149038-91-5
  • 51887-47-9
  • 8030-64-6
  • 8031-27-4
  • 92355-34-5
  • 92786-62-4

System Generated Number

  • 0007439976

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/Hg

InChIKey

QSHDDOUJBYECFT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

[Hg]

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
man TCLo inhalation 44300ug/m3/8H (44.3mg/m3) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES
JOM, Journal of Occupational Medicine. Vol. 20, Pg. 532, 1978.
man TDLo intravenous 571uL/kg (.571mL/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): SWEATING: OTHER

PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: PARESTHESIS
Southern Medical Journal. Vol. 90, Pg. 1033, 1997.
Link to PubMed
man TDLo multiple routes 86uL/kg (.086mL/kg) CARDIAC: PULSE RATE INCREASE WITHOUT FALL IN BP

SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE"

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: PULMONARY EMBOLI
Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 38, Pg. 254, 2000.
man TDLo oral 43mg/kg (43mg/kg) LIVER: OTHER CHANGES

LIVER: "JAUNDICE, OTHER OR UNCLASSIFIED"

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 31, Pg. 487, 1993.
Link to PubMed
man TDLo skin 129mg/kg/5H-C (129mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: HEADACHE

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: TINNITUS: EAR

SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, ALLERGIC: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE"
Dermatologica. Vol. 172, Pg. 48, 1986.
Link to PubMed
man TDLo subcutaneous 714uL/kg (.714mL/kg) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE" Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 38, Pg. 441, 2000.
Link to PubMed
man TDLo subcutaneous 254mg/kg (254mg/kg) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE" Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 243, 1969.
rabbit LCLo inhalation 29mg/m3/30H (29mg/m3)   AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 7, Pg. 19, 1953.
women TCLo inhalation 150ug/m3/46D (.15mg/m3) BEHAVIORAL: WAKEFULNESS

BEHAVIORAL: ANOREXIA (HUMAN

GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"
Archives of Environmental Health. Vol. 33, Pg. 186, 1978.
Link to PubMed